〔法規名稱〕會議規範
〔施行日期〕中華民國四十三年五月十九日內民字第五0四四0號公布試行
      中華民國五十四年七月二十日內民字第一七八六二八號公布施行

第五十五條 (表決之方式)

 表決之方式 表決應由主席就左列方式之一行之,但出席人有異議時,應徵求議場多數之意見決定之:
 (一)舉手表決。(或用機械表決。)
 (二)起立表決。
 (三)正反兩方分立表決。
 (四)唱名表決。唱名表決之方式,如經出席人提議,並得五分之一以上之贊同,即應採用。出席人應名時,應起立答應「贊成」,「反對」或「棄權」。如未應名,再唱一次,但不得三唱。
 (五)投票表決。
 前項第五款,除對人之表決應採無記名投票外,對事之表決,以記名投票表示負責為原則。

The ideas of two terms "Secret Ballot" and "Recorded Vote" should be a common sense to most people. It's easy to know the difference of them in the literal meaning. But when will be the proper situation to use which vote is a thought provoking problem. Generally speaking, it is concerned with two aspects: "matters of vote" and "form of democracy: direct or indirect democracy". To refer to conference regulation of Ministry of the Interior in Taiwan, the vote on the persons should take secret ballot, but the vote on the matters should take recorded vote. If we put the form of democracy into consideration at the same time, it would be better to take recorded vote for indirect democracy (also named as representative politics). The reason is that participants have to disclose their decision to respond their representative responsibility. Like U.S. senate, their recorded vote is the way of roll call vote. They keep track of every senate's decision into records and reveal them to U.S. citizens. Through the way of recorded vote, representative politics still can be put under the popular control and meet the spirit of democracy. In the age of democracy that has become popular term today, people have to pay attention to the different way of vote and discern what's pseudo democracy. Especially smart dictators always encase themselves into candy coat of democracy.

Reference Reading:

立法院行使大法官同意權之評析

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